Ramon Llull aka Doctor Illuminatus

Renown 14th century alchemist, theologian and member of the Franciscan order – Ramon Llull (aka “Doctor Illuminatus”) is the first credited with creating the word – alcohol.

With roots which can also be linked to ancient Arabic [al kol / al ghol] the term is more likely taken from the ancient Vedic Sanskrit word, khola was used to describe a genre of alcoholic beverages.  Llull’s definition stemmed from his belief that the beverage;

“was destined to revive the energies of modern decrepitude”.

Dr Rachel Hajar, an accomplished modern-day editor, author and medical advisor, while researching an article on alcohol for her online medical journal, found additional dual meanings in ancient Arabic texts;

1Al kol: Genie or spirit that takes on varied shapes or a supernatural creature in Arabic mythology.

2Al kol: Any drug or substance that takes away the mind or covers it.

Today the term alcohol is widely believed to derive from the common Arabic word al-kohl which is a dark cosmetic powder still used by Arabic women today to darken their eyelids.  A link however between this natural sulphide and the early process of distillation is not clearly substantiated.